From Blueprint to Backyard: An overview of the many trades involved in building a house.
When it comes to building a house, it isn’t as simple as one company overseeing all the different construction components. The reality is, it takes many different businesses across various trades to create a house that will become a well-loved home. This spans all of the different stages of construction; planning, the construction itself, and finishing touches such as the gardening all require different professionals with varying expertise. You rarely have one company to do it all!
But what trades are involved in the building of a new house? Let’s continue reading to find out.
The planning stage
The first stage of building a house, the planning stage, requires the expertise of many different subcontractors and traders. This is especially imperative as all of the house’s design aspects, such as wall, ceiling, and floor dimensions must be drawn up with impeccable accuracy to avoid a later loss of resources, time and money during construction. So who are the traders involved with planning a house?
An architect is a person responsible for drawing up the plans for a custom home. They consider the building through a multifaceted lens, including environmental, economic and insular properties. Architects are integral to the construction process. They must also consider the construction teams’ needs, such as the materials they will be using and the behavioral and structural qualities these materials may have. Architects work in conjunction with others in similar roles, such as a technician or architectural technologist.
A draftsperson will work alongside an architect, using their instructions to produce highly detailed technical drawings of the house, including room-by-room floor plans. They will also be required to draft and submit scaled drawings; this is required to make a Development Application (DA) with the relevant local council.
Surveyor (Land and quantity)
Though not always necessary, yet often a good idea to employ, a land surveyor surveys the land to determine its boundaries and analyse its contours and integrity. By contrast, a quantity surveyor is responsible for managing contracts and costs throughout the building process. It’s wise to employ both of these surveyors from the planning stage. A land surveyor allows ample time for structural faults to be identified; a quantity surveyor ensures you do not go over budget.
The construction stage
The actual construction of a house relies on the talents of many different tradespeople. For an efficient construction and friendly atmosphere, all different departments must work and coexist harmoniously in the same space. What trades are these? Let’s find out.
Builders are responsible for overseeing the construction process. They can also fulfill additional roles, such as the aforementioned quantity surveyor or project manager, meaning they co-ordinate the various trades. It is imperative that you employ a builder with an excellent track record, as they are a vital cog to keep the construction wheel turning.
Below is a summative list of the most common tradespeople seen around a building site and what they’re responsible for:
- Electrician: Responsible for fitting all of the home’s wiring, including plug sockets and lights.
- Plumber/drainer: In charge of fitting the property’s water systems, a plumber and/or drainer fits the network of piping throughout the house.
- Bricklayer: As the name suggests, a bricklayer is a person that lays the bricks, whether it be for the walls or the foundations.
- Gasfitter: This is the tradesperson responsible for safely installing and testing gas mains throughout the house, including hobs.
- Carpenter: The wood equivalent of a bricklayer, a carpenter installs all the woodwork in the property, including ceiling beams and decorative work.
- Floor sander: Responsible for ensuring flooring throughout the property is even and safe to walk on.
- Tiler: Tradesperson that lays all the tiles, usually both floor (such as the kitchen) and the wall (such as the bathroom).
- Waterproofer: Once more in the name, a waterproofer ensures that the house is waterproof from both internal water fitting leakages and external forces such as the weather.
- Roofer: In charge of laying down and installing the roof. May work with the tiler.
The finishing stage
Once the property itself has been built, it’s time to add the finishing touches. This is done at the hands of the following trades.
Interior designers and decorators
The former will design the interior for each room of the house, including colour schemes and styles of the furniture. They’ll collate extensive research and create mood boards for interior decorators to work with. The decorators are responsible for bringing the vision of the designer to life and will have many craftsmanship skills such as painting, and the eyes for optimising the space of a room. Often, the two roles work in unison as opposed to in isolation.
Landscapers and gardeners
Once the house is complete, it’s time to move onto the garden. Landscapers will be responsible for surveying the quality and contours of the garden and can help to plan what plants should be used or avoided, keeping the quality of the soil and the steepness of the terrain in mind. The gardeners will implement the advice of the landscaper and design a garden that is tasteful and full of flora that complements the aesthetic of the house.
If you’re looking to take on a construction project and need to assemble a team of contractor – look to a construction recruitment agency to help fulfil all the different roles. So there you have it – an overview of the many trades involved in building a house, from the blueprint to the backyard.